Decisions of the Conference of the Parties to CITES in effect after the 18th meeting

This list of Decisions has been produced in accordance with Resolution Conf. 4.6 (Rev. CoP18) of the Conference of the Parties. It contains the Decisions (other than Resolutions) adopted at the 18th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES (CoP18, Geneva, 2019) as well as the Decisions adopted at previous meetings that remain in effect after the 18th meeting.

The Decisions in this section are grouped by subject, in accordance with Resolution Conf. 4.6 (Rev. CoP18).

Every Decision that was adopted at CoP18 has a number starting with '18', e.g. Decision 18.1. Every Decision that was adopted at a previous meeting and remains valid is included here with its original number, e.g. Decision 14.69. If the Conference of the Parties amended a Decision at a meeting after the one at which it was adopted, the original number of that Decision is followed by the indication ‘(Rev. CoPXX)’, where 'XX' represents the number of the meeting at which the amendment was adopted. For example, Decision 16.162 (Rev. CoP18) was adopted by the Conference of the Parties at its 16th meeting and amended at its 18th meeting.

Download all the valid Decisions:

Administrative and financial matters

18.1Rules of Procedure
18.2 - 18.3Conduct of Committees
18.4 - 18.11Access to funding
18.12Sponsored Delegates Project
18.13International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime
18.14 - 18.17Tree species programme
18.18 - 18.20Review of the ETIS Programme
18.21 - 18.22MIKE and ETIS programmes

Strategic matters

18.23 - 18.26CITES Strategic Vision
18.27Review of the Convention
18.28 - 18.29Appendix-I listed species
18.30Language strategy for the Convention
17.57 (Rev. CoP18), 18.31 - 18.32Engagement of indigenous peoples and local communities*
18.33 - 18.37Livelihoods*
18.38World Wildlife Day
18.39 - 18.46Capacity-building


17.55 (Rev. CoP18) - 17.56 (Rev. CoP18) & 18.47 - 18.48Cooperation with other biodiversity-related conventions
18.49 - 18.51Cooperation with the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation
18.52 - 18.54Cooperation with the World Heritage Convention
18.55Black Sea bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus ponticus)
18.56 - 18.61Joint CITES-CMS African Carnivores Initiative

Interpretation and implementation matters

General compliance and enforcement

18.62 - 18.67National laws for the implementation of the Convention
18.68 - 18.70Compliance Assistance Programme
18.71 - 18.73Country-wide Significant Trade Reviews
17.108 (Rev. CoP18) - 17.110 (Rev. CoP18)Review of Significant Trade
18.74Review of Resolution Conf. 11.3 (Rev. CoP18)
18.75 - 18.76Annual illegal trade reports
18.77 - 18.80Enforcement
18.81 - 18.85Wildlife crime linked to the Internet
18.86 - 18.87Demand reduction to combat illegal trade
18.88 - 18.93Wildlife crime enforcement support in West and Central Africa
18.94 - 18.99Malagasy palisanders and rosewoods (Dalbergia spp.) and ebonies (Diospyros spp.)
17.226 & 18.100 - 18.109Illegal trade in Asian big cats (Felidae spp.)
18.110 - 18.116Rhinoceroses (Rhinocerotidae spp.)
17.87 (Rev. CoP18) - 17.88 (Rev. CoP18)Domestic markets for frequently illegally traded specimens
18.117 - 18.119Closure of domestic ivory markets
18.120 - 18.121Trade in mammoth ivory

Regulation of trade

18.122 - 18.124Guidance for making legal acquisition findings
18.125 - 18.128Electronic systems and information technologies
18.129 - 18.131Authentication and control of permits
14.54 (Rev. CoP18)Purpose codes on CITES permits and certificates
18.132 - 18.134Non-detriment findings
18.135 - 18.139Identification materials
18.140 - 18.143 & 16.58 (Rev. CoP18)Identification of timber and other wood products
16.136 (Rev. CoP18) - 16.138 (Rev. CoP18)Identification and traceability of sturgeons and paddlefish (Acipenseriformes spp.)
18.144 - 18.145Traceability
18.146Labelling system for trade in caviar
18.147 - 18.150Specimens produced through biotechnology
18.151Implications of the transfer of a species from one Appendix to another
18.152 - 18.156Definition of ‘appropriate and acceptable destinations’
17.181 & 18.157 - 18.158Introduction from the sea
18.159 - 18.164Disposal of confiscated specimens
18.165 - 18.170Quotas for leopard (Panthera pardus) hunting trophies

Exemptions and special trade provisions

18.171Simplified procedures for permits and certificates
14.69 & 17.102Captive-bred and ranched specimens
18.172 - 18.173Review of CITES provisions related to trade in specimens of animals and plants not of wild source
18.174 - 18.175Captive-breeding of Sri Lankan agamids
18.176 - 18.177Review of the provisions of Resolution Conf. 17.7 (Rev. CoP18)
18.178Guidance on the term ‘artificially propagated’
18.179 - 18.181Specimens grown from wild-collected seeds or spores that are deemed to be artificially propagated
17.170 (Rev. CoP18)Stocks and stockpiles
18.182 - 18.185Stocks and stockpiles (elephant ivory)

Species specific matters

18.186 - 18.192West African vultures (Accipitridae spp.)
18.193Cheetah trade resource kit (Acinonyx jubatus)
18.194 - 18.196Conservation of amphibians (Amphibia spp.)
18.197 - 18.202Eels (Anguilla spp.)
17.192 (Rev. CoP18) - 17.193 (Rev. CoP18)Precious corals (Order Antipatharia and family Coralliidae)
18.203 - 18.204Agarwood-producing taxa (Aquilaria spp. and Gyrinops spp.)
18.205 - 18.208Boswellia trees (Boswellia spp.)
18.209Humphead wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus)
18.210 - 18.217Marine turtles (Cheloniidae spp. and Dermochelyidae spp.)
18.218 - 18.225Sharks and rays (Elasmobranchii spp.)
18.226 - 18.227Trade in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus)
18.228 - 18.233Seahorses (Hippocampus spp.)
18.234 - 18.237Rosewood tree species [Leguminosae (Fabaceae)]
18.238 - 18.243Pangolins (Manis spp.)
18.244 - 18.250African lions (Panthera leo) and the CITES Big Cats Task Force
18.251 - 18.253Jaguars (Panthera onca)
18.254 - 18.255Leopards (Panthera pardus) in Africa
18.256 - 18.259Songbird trade and conservation management (Passeriformes)
18.260 - 18.262African cherry (Prunus africana)
17.256 (Rev. CoP18) & 17.258 (Rev. CoP18)African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus)
18.263 - 18.265Banggai cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni)
18.266 - 18.269Helmeted hornbill (Rhinoplax vigil)
18.270 - 18.274Saiga antelope (Saiga spp.)
18.275 - 18.280Queen conch (Strombus gigas)
18.281 - 18.285Titicaca water frog (Telmatobius culeus)
18.286 - 18.291Tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines spp.)
18.292 - 18.295Totoaba (Totoaba macdonaldi)
17.302African tree species
14.81Great whales
18.296 - 18.298Marine ornamental fishes
18.299Neotropical tree species
18.300 - 18.303Trade in medicinal and aromatic plant species

Amendment and maintenance of the Appendices

18.304 - 18.306Nomenclature (Cactaceae Checklist and its Supplement)
18.307 - 18.308Production of a CITES Checklist for Dalbergia spp.
18.309 - 18.310Use of time-specific versions of online- databases as standard nomenclature references
18.311 - 18.312Nomenclature and identification of corals
18.313 - 18.314Nomenclature of Appendix-III listings
18.315Nomenclature of Manidae spp.
17.312 (Rev. CoP18)Nomenclature (Bird family and order names)
16.162 (Rev. CoP18) & 18.316 - 18.320Annotations
18.321 - 18.322Annotation #15
18.323 - 18.326Annotation of Cape aloe (Aloe ferox)
18.327 - 18.330Products containing specimens of Appendix-II orchids
18.331 - 18.332Guidance for the publication of the Appendices

* For the purpose of these Decisions, “indigenous peoples and local communities” is understood to include rural communities.